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What is Periodontal Disease?

With periodontal disease, the bacteria in plaque breaks down and destroys your gums and the bones that support your teeth. If left untreated, pockets will begin to form between your teeth and gums because they are separating. It can drastically affect your teeth’s roots and underlying bone, and this is why periodontal disease is one of the leading causes of tooth loss.

Signs of Periodontal Disease

  • Loose or lost permanent teeth
  • Separation between teeth and gums
  • Receding gums (teeth that appear longer)
  • Gums that are red, swollen, tender or bleed whenever you clean your teeth
    Chronic bad breath
  • Release of pus from between teeth and gums when pressure is applied

Additional Risks And Side Effects of Periodontal Disease

There are other health risks with periodontal disease besides being a threat to your teeth and gums. The bacteria found in gum disease has been linked to:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Certain cancers, including pancreatic cancer
  • Stroke
  • Complications controlling blood sugar levels in diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Premature birth
  • Low birth weight babies

How we can treat Periodontal Disease

When treating periodontal disease, Dr. Patel is very conservative and strives to avoid surgical treatments. But, if your periodontal disease is well advanced, you will need to be referred to a periodontist (gum specialist).

Below are two treatments Dr. Patel uses at his office:

  • Periodontal Debridement – An ultrasonic scaler uses water and high-frequency waves to remove the heavy plaque and tartar buildup.
  • Root Planing and Scaling – To remove plaque and tarter that has developed below the gum line, root planing and scaling will be used. This cleans between the gums and teeth all the way down to the roots. If needed, Dr. Patel will recommend numbing the gums and roots of your teeth using a local anesthetic.

If you are experiencing any of the signs of periodontal disease that we listed above, be sure to call us as soon as you can. Typically, the condition will only get worse over time, and the sooner we catch it, the easier it will be to treat. Call Dr. Patel’s office to set up an appointment in which we can discuss the best treatment for your situation.

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