Did you know?

Periodontal Disease

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal Disease is the #1 cause of tooth loss for adults in the US and many currently have some form of this disease. The word Periodontal means “around the tooth.” Healthy gum tissue fits like a cuff around each tooth. Where the gum line meets the tooth, it forms a slight v-shaped crevice called a sulcus. In healthy teeth, this space is usually three millimeters or less.
Periodontal diseases are infections that affect the tissues and bone that support teeth. As the tissues are damaged, the sulcus develops into a pocket that is greater than three millimeters. Generally, the more severe the disease, the greater the pocket depth and bone loss. The enlarged pockets allow harmful bacteria to grow and make it difficult to practice effective oral hygiene.  This may eventually lead to tooth loss.

How would I know if I had periodontal disease?

It is possible to have periodontal disease without any symptoms. Some common warning signs are:

• Gums that bleed easily
• Red, swollen, or tender gums
• Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
• Persistent bad breath
• Pus between the teeth and gums
• Loose or separating teeth
• A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
• A change in the fit of partial denture

If you notice any of these signs, please visit our office immediately.


Oral Hygiene

Why is oral hygiene important?

Proper oral hygiene prevents periodontal disease and build up of plaque. Plaque is a thin coating of bacteria and food particles that stick to teeth. Plaque causes common oral diseases such as decay and gum disease.
Brushing & flossing your teeth will not only help remove buildup but also it’s the most effective way of controlling plaque. Brushing alone will not completely remove the dental plaque (tartar) that builds up over time but will help lower the risk of toothaches, cavities or even loss of all your teeth. In cases that the plaque hardens, it can only be removed by the dentist or hygienist.
The best way to prevent cavities and periodontal disease is by good tooth brushing and flossing techniques performed daily and regular oral hygiene check visits at your dental office. Your dental hygienist or dentist will remove the plaque and/or calculus at your hygiene maintenance visits. Your visit to our office is an important part of your program to prevent periodontal diseases and cavities. Make sure you keep your pearly whites for a lifetime!

Brushing- Proper brushing tips
Position the brush at a 45-degree angle where your tooth and the gum meet. Gently move the brush in a circular motion several times. Brush towards the biting surface to sweep off the plaque you have dislodged with the circular motion. After you are done cleaning the outside surfaces of all your teeth, follow the same directions while cleaning the inside of the back teeth. To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically. Make several gentle back-and-forth strokes over each tooth.

Flossing- Proper flossing tips
Use a piece of floss (waxed floss is easier)

• Use approximately 15" long of floss.
• Wrap the floss around your middle fingers.
• Hold the floss between the thumb and forefinger of each hand.
• Gently guide the floss between the teeth.
• When the floss is in position between the teeth, rub it up and down a few times against each    tooth surface, one after the other.
• This is then repeated for all the teeth in the mouth.
• Be careful not to cut the gum tissue between the teeth.
• Once done, rinse with water

-Oral Hygiene products

We recommend the following to improve oral hygiene

• Electronic toothbrushes
• Toothpaste with fluoride
• Rinse with fluoride (ex. ACT, CariFree)
• Anti-plaque rinses (ex. Listerine)

Foods or Drinks to AVOID

• Hard Candy
• Sticky Snacks
• Cookies
• Regular soda, diet soda, sports drinks, canned iced tea

Cosmetic Dentistry
As general dentistry focuses mainly on oral hygiene and preventing, diagnosing and treating oral diseases, cosmetic dentistry focuses on improving the appearance of a person's teeth, mouth and smile. Cosmetic dentistry provides a desired treatment or service to patients. Services such as veneers, tooth-colored fillings, cosmetic crowns and tooth whitening/bleaching are now being offered by general dentists. By utilizing new technology, dentists are providing these procedures in a non-invasive way so patients can walk out in no time with a smile makeover with little to no pain.

Your Child’s Teeth
-First Dental visit
As your child’s first tooth erupts, consult with the dentist regarding scheduling a first dental visit. It is advantageous for the first dental visit to occur within six months after the first tooth erupts, but not later than the first birthday. Treat the first dental visit as you would a well baby checkup with the child’s physician.

During the first visit, the dentist can: 1) review the medical and dental histories; 2) complete a thorough oral examination to assess growth and development, oral hygiene, injuries, cavities, and/or other problems; 3) clean the teeth as indicated and provide suggestions about daily care; and 4)plan for any needed treatment or the next checkup.

By starting visits at an early age, you will help your child build a lifetime of good dental habits.

-Dental visits
Regular dental visits are crucial to maintaining a healthy smile. During the dental visits, the dentist examines the child’s mouth for tooth decay and growth or development conditions that pose a problem in the future.

How often should a child see a dentist? Children’s needs differ, and your dentist is best able to suggest a schedule of visits for your child. The frequency of dental visits will partly depend on your child’s eating habits; how clean the teeth are kept; past treatments needs; whether your child drinks fluoridated water; and other factors can affect your child’s susceptibility to dental diseases.

Set a good example for your child by brushing your own teeth twice a day. Flossing daily, and visiting the dentist regularly.

Regular dental visits are crucial to maintaining a healthy smile!


Dental Concepts

Nirav R. Patel, DDS
Family and Cosmetic Dentistry

972-869-CARE (2273)
7423 Las Colinas Blvd, Suite 101
Irving, Texas 75063